In most cases, hydrosalpinx can severely affect a woman’s fertility. This article shall give you a basic knowledge of hydrosalpinx and possible treatments.
What is hydrosalpinx?
Hydrosalpinx (or fallopian tube retention) is a condition where the fallopian tube is blocked by fluid. It is a form of tubal occlusion. There are many causes of hydrosalpinx, such as sexually transmitted infections, endometriosis, or surgery.
The signs and symptoms of hydrosalpinx include:
- Abdominal and pelvic pain
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
However, some women who have the disease may not show any signs. Therefore, they only detect the disease when they go for prenatal checkups.
During ovulation, the egg will move from the ovary through the fallopian tube. If one or both fallopian tubes are blocked, the egg cannot meet the sperm, so conception will not take place. If women who have one ovary obstruction, they are still pregnant typically.
What is the cause of hydrosalpinx?
Common causes of hydrosalpinx include:
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Endometrial optimism
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Rupture of the appendix
- Abdominal surgery
When the body is traumatized, the anti-inflammatory cells are sent by the immune system to the damaged area as part of the immune response. Inflammation and healing in the fallopian tubes can cause loss of the tentacles and cause them to close.
What medical techniques help diagnose hydrosalpinx?
The doctor will order many tests to diagnose hydrosalpinx, such as:
- Ultrasound of uterine water: The doctor will put sterile saltwater and air through the patient’s cervix into the uterus. They will then undergo a vaginal ultrasound to look at the reproductive organs for any obstruction.
- Ultrasound: this is a method to help detect stagnant discharge, but the effect is usually not high, and the accuracy is lower than the uterine water examination.
- X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes: This is a test that can help the doctor detect a fallopian tube. During this procedure, the doctor will put contrast dye into the vagina and cervix of the patient before the scan.
- Endoscopy: This method helps doctors see organs and eliminate stagnant fluid or other health problems. Endoscopy can help your doctor determine if there is another health problem that can cause infertility, such as endometriosis.
What are the treatments that can help prevent hydrosalpinx?
The most common treatment for hydrosalpinx is surgery to remove the affected fallopian tubes. This type of surgery is called fallopian tube surgery. The operation also helps remove scar tissue or other adhesives that can affect fertility.
If the cause of the blockage is endometriosis, the surgeon may remove the abnormal endometrial growth. If the pelvic inflammatory disease causes oocytes to drain, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the condition.
Another treatment is intravenous fibroids. First, the doctors will use a needle to suck fluid out of the affected oviduct. They will then inject a specific medication to prevent the fluid from accumulating again.
Women who have hydrosalpinx can still get pregnant. However, the chance of a successful pregnancy depends on the severity of the blockage.
If the patient decides to treat a tapioca stasis, the likelihood of a successful pregnancy will be higher, especially if they later undergo IVF. The doctor will make discussions to make the most appropriate option for the patients.